Brunton compasses are precision instruments that have been used by explorers, scientists, and outdoor enthusiasts for over 125 years. The company was founded in 1894 by Canadian-born geologist David W. Brunton, and its first product was the Brunton Pocket Transit. This compass was designed for use in the field, and it featured a number of innovations that made it more accurate and reliable than other compasses of the time.One of the most distinctive features of a Brunton compass is its use of magnetic induction damping. This means that the compass needle is not damped by fluid, but rather by a magnetic field. This makes the needle more sensitive and responsive, and it also eliminates the need for a liquid-filled capsule, which can be fragile and prone to leaks.
Description of Brunton Compass Parts
Use for measuring dip using the long level on the vernier.
Unlocked: When needle locking adjustment is unlocked the needle swings freely, even when the needle release mechanism is pressed.
Locked: When needle locking adjustment is in the locked position the needle is locked in place until the needle release mechanism is pressed.
Applications Of Brunton CompassThe Brunton Compass has found widespread applications in various fields, including geology, cartography, archaeology, forestry, and land surveying. Geologists use it to record strike and dip measurements of rock formations, while surveyors employ it to establish property boundaries and create topographic maps.
Moreover, outdoor enthusiasts and explorers rely on the Brunton Compass for orientation, navigation, and route planning in wilderness areas. Its simple design and accuracy have made it an indispensable tool for those who venture into the backcountry or participate in orienteering and geocaching activities.
How to Use a Brunton CompassThe Brunton compass, also known as the pocket transit compass, is a reliable and versatile tool commonly used by geologists, surveyors, and outdoor enthusiasts for navigation, orientation, and geological measurements. This compact instrument is designed to provide accurate readings of magnetic azimuths, inclination angles, and dip angles. If you're new to using a Brunton compass, here's a step-by-step guide to help you get started:
Step 1: Familiarize Yourself with the CompassBefore you begin using the Brunton compass, take some time to familiarize yourself with its parts. The main components include the sighting mirror, the compass housing, the azimuth scale, the bubble level, and the clinometer scale. Understanding how each component functions will make the usage easier.
Step 2: Adjust the CompassFor accurate readings, you need to ensure that the compass is correctly adjusted. To do this, follow these steps:
Setting the Declination: Check the local magnetic declination for your location and adjust the compass accordingly. Most Brunton compasses have a small screw or knob to set the declination.
Balancing the Needle: Hold the compass level and use the adjustment screw on the compass housing to center the magnetic needle. The needle should move freely without any friction.
Step 3: Find Your Heading (Azimuth)Hold the Compass Correctly: With the compass open and in your hand, hold it horizontally in front of you. Keep the sighting mirror facing you.
Find a Target: Look through the sighting mirror and align the sighting line with the object or landmark you want to navigate towards.
Read the Azimuth: Once the target is aligned, note where the center of the magnetic needle points on the azimuth scale. This reading represents your magnetic azimuth.
Step 4: Measuring Inclination or Dip AnglesThe Brunton compass is equipped with a clinometer scale, which allows you to measure the angle of inclination or dip of geological features such as rock formations or strata. Follow these steps to use this feature:
Hold the Compass Vertically: With the compass open and in your hand, hold it vertically in front of you, making sure the bubble level is centered.
Align the Target: Look through the sighting mirror and align the sighting line with the geological feature you want to measure.
Read the Inclination/Dip Angle: The point where the magnetic needle intersects the clinometer scale indicates the angle of inclination or dip.
Step 5: Practice and CalibrationUsing a Brunton compass effectively requires practice. Start by taking readings from known landmarks to verify the accuracy of your compass. Regularly calibrate and check for any deviation in the magnetic needle to ensure reliable readings.
Step 6: Store and Care for Your CompassAfter use, always store your Brunton compass in a protective case or pouch to prevent damage. Keep it away from magnetic objects, as they can interfere with the compass readings. Regularly clean the sighting mirror and compass to maintain its functionality.
In conclusion, mastering the use of a Brunton compass takes time and practice, but it is a valuable skill for anyone venturing into outdoor activities or geological studies. By following these steps and dedicating time to become familiar with the instrument, you can confidently navigate the terrain and make accurate geological measurements with your Brunton compass.