The Quebrada de Humahuaca is a beautiful valley in the Andes Mountains of Argentina. It is known for its colorful mountains, which are the result of millions of years of geological activity.
The Quebrada de Humahuaca is a narrow mountain valley located in the province of Jujuy in northwest Argentina, 1,649 km (1,025 mi) north of Buenos Aires, Argentina. It is about 155 km (96 mi) long, oriented north-south, bordered by the Altiplano in the west and north, by the Sub-Andean hills in the east, and by the warm valleys (Valles Templados) in the south.
The Yesera Formation (in the photo) consists of a succession of colored
layers deposited during the Late Cretaceous. The formation is made up of
conglomerate, sandstone and siltstone, and it accumulated in a fluvial
environment such as alluvial fan.
|Quebrada de Humahuaca: The Colorful Beauty of the Andes. The Yesera Formation.
The Quebrada de Humahuaca Geology
The Quebrada's unique landscape is the result of a complex interplay of geological processes that have occurred over millions of years. The valley was formed by tectonic activity, which lifted the Andes mountains and created a series of faults and folds. Erosion and sedimentation then carved out the valley and deposited layers of sediment that eventually became the colorful rocks that we see today.
The Quebrada's rock formations are composed of a variety of sedimentary rocks, including sandstone, limestone, and shale. The different colors of the rocks are due to the presence of different minerals, including iron oxide, manganese oxide, and copper oxide. For example, the red rocks in the Quebrada are due to the presence of iron oxide, while the green rocks are due to the presence of copper oxide.
In addition to its colorful rocks, the Quebrada is also known for its unique geological features, such as the Cerro de los Siete Colores (Hill of Seven Colors) and the Serranía del Hornocal. The Cerro de los Siete Colores is a rainbow-colored mountain that is formed by layers of sedimentary rocks of different colors. The Serranía del Hornocal is a jagged mountain range with colorful peaks that rise sharply from the valley floor.
|La Yesera (Quebrada de Las Conchas; Provincia de Salta, Argentina)
Credit: TravelPlus Viajes
|The La Yesera Formation in Salta, Argentina.
|Quebrada de Las Conchas; Provincia de Salta, Argentina