Amber is fossilized tree resin (not sap), which has been appreciated for its color and natural beauty since Neolithic times.
The oldest amber recovered dates to the Upper Carboniferous period (320 million years ago).
Types of Amber:Types of Amber. One method of classifying amber is by color and degree of transparency. This criteria correlates to an optical classification of amber varieties. Colors of amber include yellow, orange, red, white, brown, green, bluish, and "black" (dark shades of other colors).
|Baltic amber. Photo: Zack Irow|
|Amber typical varies from light to dark orangy brown |
Courtesy: Martha Zuniga
|Blue amber from Dominican Republic|
Blue amber is amber exhibiting a rare coloration. It is most commonly found in the amber mines in the mountain ranges around Santiago, Dominican Republic, but also in the eastern parts of the Dominican Republic. Although little known due to its rarity, it has been around since the discovery of Dominican amber.
Burmese amber (99- 112 myo) with huge perfect scorpion
|Copal from Madagascar with spiders, termites, ants,|
elateridae, hymenoptera, cockroach and a flower
|Green amber from Dominican Republic|
|Caribbean green-honey amber credit: Hermann Dittrich|
|Mexican amber nuggets | by National Museums Scotland|
|A truly spectacular leaf in Myanmar amber old 100 million years|
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