Sahara Desert: Facts About the Sahara Desert

The Sahara Desert is the world's largest hot desert and the third largest desert overall, smaller only than the deserts of Antarctica and the northern Arctic. In this article, we will explore fascinating facts about the Sahara Desert.  

Map of the Sahara Desert in Africa
Map of the Sahara Desert in Africa


1-The Sahara Desert is the largest hot desert in the world, covering an area of 9.2 million square kilometers (3.6 million square miles). The Sahara Desert is located in northern Africa and spans 11 countries: Algeria, Chad, Egypt, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Western Sahara, Sudan and Tunisia.

2-The Sahara Desert is not just sand dunes. In fact, only about 25% of the desert is covered in sand. The rest is made up of rocky plateaus, salt flats, and gravel plains.

3-The Sahara is surrounded by large water bodies; the Atlantic Ocean on the west, the Red Sea on the east, the Mediterranean Sea on the north and the Sahel Savannah on the south. 

4-The Sahara is home to some of the world's oldest human fossils, dating back over 100,000 years. 

5-The highest point in the Sahara is the Emi Koussi volcano in Chad, which rises to an elevation of 3,415 meters/11,204 ft. 

6-The Sahara Desert was once a lush green savanna. However, around 5,000 years ago, the climate began to change and the desert began to form. Scientists believe that this was caused by a combination of factors, including changes in the Earth's orbit and the movement of the continents. 

7-The Sahara is also home to the world's hottest recorded temperature, 58 degrees Celsius (136 degrees Fahrenheit). This temperature was recorded in Libya in 1922. 

8-The Sahara Desert is getting bigger. Scientists estimate that the desert is growing by about 10% per century.  

9-The Sahara Desert is home to some of the world's largest sand dunes. The tallest dunes can reach heights of over 500 feet (150 meters). One of the most well-known dune fields is Erg Chebbi in Morocco.

Map of the Sahara desert
Map of the Sahara desert

10-The Sahara Desert is also a major source of renewable energy, with a number of solar and wind power projects in development.

11-The Sahara Desert is home to ancient civilizations. The Sahara was once home to a number of thriving civilizations, including the Egyptians, the Carthaginians, and the Romans.

12-The Sahara Desert is a great place to stargaze. The Sahara is one of the best places in the world to stargaze. The dark skies and lack of light pollution make it easy to see the stars and planets.

Read also: Sahara Desert Rose

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