4 Rare Rubies Found in North Carolina Could Fetch $90 Million
The Mountain Star Ruby collection Courtesy of Guernsey's auction house

Rubies are already rarer than diamonds. But star rubies are something incredibly special.

In  1990, Jarvis “Wayne"  Messer, a self-­described “rock hound ”living in the Appalachian Mountains of western North Carolina, made an incredible discovery. While combing the native woods for naturally occurring rarities, he unearthed four rough stones that sent shivers through him.

From their outward appearance, he sensed that he had come across something very special.Through   the efforts of a friend who happened to be an amateur stone cutter, the   true impact of Messer ’s find became evident. This mountaindest means, who worked as a trout fishing guide to provideor his family, made the discovery of a lifetime.



Although  Mr. Messer knew in his heart that his discovery was extraordinary, he needed scientific documentation to prove it. Unfortunately, the   cost   for   the   necessary gemological testing was well beyond his means. While contemplating his dilemma, word of the stones spread across the Appalachian   hills.

In short order,   friends and neighbors approached   Wayne. If they  each   "chipped in”   what monies they could  spare, perhaps he  could  pool   enough to  deliver his stones to New York City…to present them to the prestigious Gemological Institute of America.   

And so it happened that these four  stones made their way to the GIA which, in detailed reports, confirmed  that what Wayne had discovered were indeed remarkably   large Star Rubies! A ruby is rare. A ruby with a classic  six-­rayed star pattern—known as a “star  ruby” —  is  one  thousand  times  rarer  still. To find  four  matching  star  rubies  is  nothing  short  of  remarkable. To find them in  the United States (when star rubies have been found in the past, they have been found in Southeast Asia), is  virtually unimaginable. 

In  the simplest of terms, a “star” is formed when a stone is placed under a light. As noted above, this happens very rarely. When such stars appear, they are most often faint or somewhat fuzzy. The stars in  Wayne’s  four  stones  are  vivid.  Sharp  and  bright,  when  viewing  them  it  almost  seems like an internal light switch  is turned on. The  stars are  stunning.   

It is a tradition that large and rare gemstones be given names;; with this in mind, Wayne's stones became known as the Appalachian Star (139.40  ct.), the Promise Star (64.16  ct.), the Misty Star (52.36  ct.), and the Smokey Mountain Two-­Star (86.54  ct.) which remarkably has stars on both its top and bottom. Together, the Mountain Star Ruby Collection weighs in at a staggering 342.46 ct! By comparison, the  Smithsonian Museum has on display a star ruby described as one of the world’s largest. That ruby weighs  138 ct., about a carat less than the Appalachian Star.   



As if the GIA reports were not enough, the stones were then shipped to London where the BGI (British Gemological Institute) confirmed the GIA’s findings. Once in England,   the Natural History Museum of London, considered  by some to be the finest museum of its type in  the  world, asked  to  exhibit  the  largest of the stones—the  Appalachian  Star. And quite an exhibit it was. Approximately 200,000 visitors lined up to view the extraordinary stone over a two-­week period, the largest audience that fabled institution has experienced in its multi-­century existence.

The institution’s leading  gemologist, Dr.Cally Oldershaw, described the stone as “quite  breathtaking. “In the Natural  History Museum of London’s Mineralogy Newsletter, Sept. 20,1992, the Appalachian Star was described  as “a  perfect  six-­rayed natural star ruby…  thought to  be the finest  in the world.” London’s Daily Mail was more  succinct  referring to the stone simply as “the world’s finest ruby.

The value of a ruby is typically determined based on color, cut, clarity and carat weight, but rubies also are evaluated based on their geographic origin. Ruby gets its name from the Latin word "ruber," which means red. In the Sanskrit language, ruby is called "ratnaraj," which translates to "king of gemstones."

4 Rare Rubies Found in North Carolina Could Fetch $90 Million
The Mountain Star Ruby collection. Courtesy of Guernsey's auction house

See also: 
Why Painite Can Fetch US $60,000 Per Carat?
How the Color or Clarity of Gemstones Is Altered?
The Rarest and Most Expensive Pattern of Opal
 
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